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Chu, W. (朱威)

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Homepage: http://www.polyu.edu.hk/cee/~cewchu

Teaching Areas

Postgraduate

  • Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant Design
  • Sewerage and Effluent Disposal
  • Water Quality Management

Undergraduate

  • Sewerage and Water Supply Engineering
  • Water and Wastewater Engineering
  • Hydraulics and Hydrology

Research Interests

Water/Wastewater Treatment, Industrial Effluent Treatment and Design, Environmental Chemistry, Soil Remediation

Publications

  1. Chen, M., Yao, J., Huang, Y., Gong, H., Chu, W. Enhanced photocatalytic degradation of ciprofloxacin over Bi2O3/(BiO)2CO3 heterojunctions: Efficiency, kinetics, pathways, mechanisms and toxicity evaluation (2018) Chemical Engineering Journal, 334, pp. 453-461.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2017.10.064
  2. Gong, H., Chu, W. Permanganate with a double-edge role in photodegradation of sulfamethoxazole: Kinetic, reaction mechanism and toxicity (2018) Chemosphere, 191, pp. 494-502.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.10.086
  3. "Leng, L., Yang, P., Singh, S., Zhuang, H., Xu, L., Chen, W.-H., Dolfing, J., Li, D., Zhang, Y., Zeng, H., Chu, W., Lee, P.-H. A review on the bioenergetics of anaerobic microbial metabolism close to the thermodynamic limits and its implications for digestion applications (2018) Bioresource Technology, 247, pp. 1095-1106. "
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2017.09.103
  4. Zhang, J., Zhang, C., Wei, G., Li, Y., Liang, X., Chu, W., He, H., Huang, D., Zhu, J., Zhu, R. Reduction removal of hexavalent chromium by zinc-substituted magnetite coupled with aqueous Fe(II) at neutral pH value (2017) Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 500, pp. 20-29.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2017.03.103
  5. Pu, S., Ma, H., Zinchenko, A., Chu, W. Novel highly porous magnetic hydrogel beads composed of chitosan and sodium citrate: an effective adsorbent for the removal of heavy metals from aqueous solutions (2017) Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 24 (19), pp. 16520-16530.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-9213-0
  6. "Gao, G., Shen, J., Chu, W., Chen, Z., Yuan, L. Mechanism of enhanced diclofenac mineralization by catalytic ozonation over iron silicate-loaded pumice (2017) Separation and Purification Technology, 173, pp. 55-62. "
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2016.09.016
  7. Gao, G., Kang, J., Shen, J., Chen, Z., Chu, W. Heterogeneous Catalytic Ozonation of Sulfamethoxazole in Aqueous Solution over Composite Iron–Manganese Silicate Oxide (2017) Ozone: Science and Engineering, 39 (1), pp. 24-32.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01919512.2016.1237280
  8. Abdelhaleem, A., Chu, W. Photodegradation of 4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid under visible LED activated N-doped TiO2 and the mechanism of stepwise rate increment of the reused catalyst (2017) Journal of Hazardous Materials, 338, pp. 491-501.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2017.05.056
  9. Gong, H., Chu, W., Chen, M., Wang, Q. A systematic study on photocatalysis of antipyrine: Catalyst characterization, parameter optimization, reaction mechanism a toxicity evolution to plankton (2017) Water Research, 112, pp. 167-175.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2017.01.041
  10. Gong, H., Chu, W., Lam, S.H., Lin, A.Y.-C. Ibuprofen degradation and toxicity evolution during Fe2+/Oxone/UV process (2017) Chemosphere, 167, pp. 415-421
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.10.027
  11. Zhang, Y., Liu, C., Xu, B., Qi, F., Chu, W. Degradation of benzotriazole by a novel Fenton-like reaction with mesoporous Cu/MnO2: Combination of adsorption and catalysis oxidation (2016) Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 199, pp. 447-457.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2016.06.003
  12. Gao, G., Kang, J., Shen, J., Chen, Z., Chu, W. Catalytic ozonation of sulfamethoxazole by composite iron-manganese silicate oxide: cooperation mechanism between adsorption and catalytic reaction (2016) Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 23 (21), pp. 21360-21368.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-7376-8
  13. Gao, G., Kang, J., Shen, J., Chen, Z., Chu, W. Investigation on the Kinetics of Heterogeneous Catalytic Ozone Decomposition in Aqueous Solution over Composite Iron-Manganese Silicate Oxide (2016) Ozone: Science and Engineering, 38 (6), pp. 434-442.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01919512.2016.1204225
  14. "Gong, H., Chu, W. Determination and toxicity evaluation of the generated products in sulfamethoxazole degradation by UV/CoFe2O4/TiO2 (2016) Journal of Hazardous Materials, 314, pp. 197-203."
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2016.04.052
  15. "Chen, M., Chu, W. H2O2 assisted degradation of antibiotic norfloxacin over simulated solar light mediated Bi2WO6: Kinetics and reaction pathway (2016) Chemical Engineering Journal, 296, pp. 310-318. "
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2016.03.083
  16. Xu, L.J., Chu, W., Lee, P.-H., Wang, J. The mechanism study of efficient degradation of hydrophobic nonylphenol in solution by a chemical-free technology of sonophotolysis (2016) Journal of Hazardous Materials, 308, pp. 386-393.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2016.01.075
  17. Qi, F., Chu, W., Xu, B. Comparison of phenacetin degradation in aqueous solutions by catalytic ozonation with CuFe2O4 and its precursor: Surface properties, intermediates and reaction mechanisms (2016) Chemical Engineering Journal, 284, pp. 28-36.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2015.07.095
  18. Shao, D., Chu, W., Li, X., Yan, W., Xu, H. Electrochemical oxidation of guaiacol to increase its biodegradability or just remove COD in terms of anodes and electrolytes (2016) RSC Advances, 6 (6), pp. 4858-4866.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c5ra23381j
  19. Gong, H., Chu, W. Photodegradation of Sulfamethoxazole with a Recyclable Catalyst (2015) Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 54 (51), pp. 12763-12769.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.iecr.5b03849
  20. Xu, L.J., Chu, W., Graham, N. Sonophotolytic degradation of phthalate acid esters in water and wastewater: Influence of compound properties and degradation mechanisms (2015) Journal of Hazardous Materials, 288, pp. 43-50.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2015.02.023
  21. "Xu, L.J., Chu, W., Gan, L. Environmental application of graphene-based CoFe2O4 as an activator of peroxymonosulfate for the degradation of a plasticizer (2015) Chemical Engineering Journal, 263, pp. 435-443. "
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2014.11.065
  22. "Qi, F., Chu, W., Xu, B. Ozonation of phenacetin in associated with a magnetic catalyst CuFe2O4: The reaction and transformation (2015) Chemical Engineering Journal, 262, pp. 552-562. "
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2014.09.068
  23. Chen, M., Chu, W. Photo-oxidation of an endocrine disrupting chemical o-chloroaniline with the assistance of TiO2 and iodate: Reaction parameters and kinetic models (2014) Chemical Engineering Journal, 248, pp. 273-279.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2014.03.038
  24. Xu, L.J., Chu, W., Graham, N. Atrazine degradation using chemical-free process of USUV: Analysis of the micro-heterogeneous environments and the degradation mechanisms (2014) Journal of Hazardous Materials, 275, pp. 166-174.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2014.05.007
  25. Rao, Y.F., Qu, L., Yang, H., Chu, W. Degradation of carbamazepine by Fe(II)-activated persulfate process (2014) Journal of Hazardous Materials, 268, pp. 23-32.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2014.01.010
  26. Xu, L.J., Chu, W., Graham, N. Degradation of di-n-butyl phthalate by a homogeneous sono-photo-Fenton process with in situ generated hydrogen peroxide (2014) Chemical Engineering Journal, 240, pp. 541-547.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2013.10.087
  27. Qi, F., Xu, B., Chu, W. Heterogeneous catalytic ozonation of phenacetin in water using magnetic spinel ferrite as catalyst: Comparison of surface property and efficiency (2014) Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, 396, pp. 164-173.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molcata.2014.10.001
  28. Qi, F., Chu, W., Xu, B. Modeling the heterogeneous peroxymonosulfate/Co-MCM41 process for the degradation of caffeine and the study of influence of cobalt sources (2014) Chemical Engineering Journal, 235, pp. 10-18.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2013.08.113
  29. Rao, Y., Chu, W. Visible light-induced photodegradation of simazine in aqueous TiO 2 suspension (2013) Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 52 (38), pp. 13580-13586.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie401191d
  30. Rao, Y.F., Chu, W., Wang, Y.R. Photocatalytic oxidation of carbamazepine in triclinic-WO3 suspension: Role of alcohol and sulfate radicals in the degradation pathway (2013) Applied Catalysis A: General, 468, pp. 240-249.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apcata.2013.08.050
  31. "Qi, F., Chu, W., Xu, B. Catalytic degradation of caffeine in aqueous solutions by cobalt-MCM41 activation of peroxymonosulfate (2013) Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 134-135, pp. 324-332. "
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2013.01.038
  32. "Pei, C.C., Chu, W. The photocatalyic degradation and modeling of 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid by bismuth tungstate/peroxide (2013) Chemical Engineering Journal, 223, pp. 665-669. "
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2013.02.125
  33. Xu, H., Li, J., Yan, W., Chu, W. Preparation and characterization of titanium based PbO2 electrodes doped with some common elements (2013) Rare Metal Materials and Engineering, 42 (5), pp. 885-890.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S1875-5372(13)60061-2
  34. Wang, Y.R., Chu, W. Photo-assisted degradation of 2,4,5-trichlorophenol by Electro-Fe(II)/Oxone® process using a sacrificial iron anode: Performance optimization and reaction mechanism (2013) Chemical Engineering Journal, 215-216, pp. 643-650.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2012.11.042
  35. Wang, Y.R., Chu, W. Photo-assisted degradation of 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid by Fe(II)-catalyzed activation of Oxone process: The role of UV irradiation, reaction mechanism and mineralization (2012) Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 123-124, pp. 151-161.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2012.04.031
  36. "Chen, M., Chu, W. Degradation of antibiotic norfloxacin in aqueous solution by visible-light-mediated C-TiO 2 photocatalysis (2012) Journal of Hazardous Materials, 219-220, pp. 183-189."
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.03.074
  37. "Chen, M., Chu, W. Efficient degradation of an antibiotic norfloxacin in aqueous solution via a simulated solar-light-mediated Bi 2WO 6 process (2012) Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 51 (13), pp. 4887-4893."
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie300146h
  38. "Chu, W., Rao, Y.F. Photocatalytic oxidation of monuron in the suspension of WO 3 under the irradiation of UV-visible light (2012) Chemosphere, 86 (11), pp. 1079-1086."
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.11.062
  39. "Chu, W., Wang, Y.R., Leung, H.F. Synergy of sulfate and hydroxyl radicals in UV/S2O82-/H2O2 oxidation of iodinated X-ray contrast medium iopromide (2011) Chemical Engineering Journal, 178, pp. 154-160."
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2011.10.033
  40. "Xu, H., Zhang, Q., Yan, W., Chu, W. A composite Sb-doped SnO 2 electrode based on the TiO 2 nanotubes prepared by hydrothermal synthesis (2011) International Journal of Electrochemical Science, 6 (12), pp. 6639-6652."
    http://dx.doi.org/10397/30780
  41. "Lin, K.Y., Chu, W. Simulation and quantification of the natural decay of a typical endocrine disrupting chemical Atrazine in an aquatic system (2011) Journal of Hazardous Materials, 192 (3), pp. 1260-1266. "
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.06.042
  42. "Xu, H., Zhang, Q., Zheng, C., Yan, W., Chu, W. Application of ultrasonic wave to clean the surface of the TiO2 nanotubes prepared by the electrochemical anodization (2011) Applied Surface Science, 257 (20), pp. 8478-8480."
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2011.04.135
  43. "Wang, Y., Chu, W. Adsorption and removal of a xanthene dye from aqueous solution using two solid wastes as adsorbents (2011) Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 50 (14), pp. 8734-8741. "
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie1024497
  44. "Wang, Y.R., Chu, W. Degradation of 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid by a novel Electro-Fe(II)/Oxone process using iron sheet as the sacrificial anode (2011) Water Research, 45 (13), pp. 3883-3889."
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2011.04.034
  45. Wang, Y.R., Chu, W. Degradation of a xanthene dye by Fe(II)-mediated activation of Oxone process (2011) Journal of Hazardous Materials, 186 (2-3), pp. 1455-1461.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.12.033
  46. Chan, T.W., Graham, N.J.D., Chu, W. Degradation of iopromide by combined UV irradiation and peroxydisulfate (2010) Journal of Hazardous Materials, 181 (1-3), pp. 508-513.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.05.043
  47. "Rao, Y.F., Chu, W. Degradation of linuron by UV, ozonation, and UV/O3 processes-Effect of anions and reaction mechanism (2010) Journal of Hazardous Materials, 180 (1-3), pp. 514-523."
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.04.063
  48. Zou, C.W., Rao, Y.F., Alyamani, A., Chu, W., Chen, M.J., Patterson, D.A., Emanuelsson, E.A.C., Gao, W. Heterogeneous lollipop-like V2O5/ZnO array: A promising composite nanostructure for visible light photocatalysis (2010) Langmuir, 26 (14), pp. 11615-11620.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/la101324e
  49. "Rao, Y.F., Chu, W. Linuron decomposition in aqueous semiconductor suspension under visible light irradiation with and without H2O2 (2010) Chemical Engineering Journal, 158 (2), pp. 181-187."
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2009.12.038
  50. "Chu, W., Rao, Y.F., Kwan, C.Y., Choy, W.K. Photochemical degradation of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol in the brij 35 micellar solution: PH control on product distribution (2009) Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 48 (23), pp. 10211-10216."
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie9003943
  51. "Chan, K.H., Chu, W. Riboflavin-sensitized photooxidation of phenylurea herbicide monuron in aqueous peroxide solution (2009) Chemical Engineering Journal, 152 (1), pp. 103-109. "
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2009.03.038
  52. "Chan, K.H., Chu, W. Reactor model development: The removal performance of ferrous-catalysed photo-oxidation process by examining the reaction parameters (2009) Journal of Hazardous Materials, 167 (1-3), pp. 199-204. "
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.12.099
  53. "Rao, Y.F., Chu, W. Reaction mechanism of linuron degradation in TiO2 suspension under visible light irradiation with the assistance of H2O 2 (2009) Environmental Science and Technology, 43 (16), pp. 6183-6189. "
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es901333h
  54. Chu, W., Rao, Y., Hui, W.Y. Removal of simazine in a UV/TiO2 heterogeneous system (2009) Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 57 (15), pp. 6944-6949.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf9012482
  55. Chan, K.H., Chu, W. Degradation of atrazine by cobalt-mediated activation of peroxymonosulfate: Different cobalt counteranions in homogenous process and cobalt oxide catalysts in photolytic heterogeneous process (2009) Water Research, 43 (9), pp. 2513-2521.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2009.02.029
  56. Chu, W., Jia, J. The photodegradation and modeling of a typical NAPL, trichloroethene, by monochromatic UV irradiations (2009) Environmental Science and Technology, 43 (5), pp. 1455-1459.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es802640q
  57. Rao, Y.F., Chu, W. A new approach to quantify the degradation kinetics of linuron with UV, ozonation and UV/O3 processes (2009) Chemosphere, 74 (11), pp. 1444-1449.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2008.12.012
  58. Jia, J., Chu, W. The photodegradation of trichloroethylene with or without the NAPL by UV irradiation in surfactant solutions (2009) Journal of Hazardous Materials, 161 (1), pp. 196-201.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.03.072
  59. Choy, W.K., Chu, W. Heterogeneous photocatalytic oxidation of o-chloroaniline immobilizing on recyclable TiO2 (2008) Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 47 (20), pp. 7564-7569.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie800325v
  60. "Choy, W.K., Chu, W. Photo-oxidation of o-chloroaniline in the presence of TiO2 and IO3 -: A study of photo-intermediates and successive IO3 - dose (2008) Chemical Engineering Journal, 136 (2-3), pp. 180-187."
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2007.03.040
  61. Kwan, C.Y., Chu, W., Lam, W.S. The role of oxalate in the kinetics of 2,4-D oxidation over ferrous ion-supported catalysts (2007) Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, 274 (1-2), pp. 50-57.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molcata.2007.04.023
  62. Chu, W., Chan, K.H., Jafvert, C.T., Chan, Y.S. Removal of phenylurea herbicide monuron via riboflavin-mediated photosensitization (2007) Chemosphere, 69 (2), pp. 177-183.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2007.04.055
  63. Lau, T.K., Chu, W., Graham, N. Degradation of the endocrine disruptor carbofuran by UV, O3 and O3/UV (2007) Water Science and Technology, 55 (12), pp. 275-280.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.2166/wst.2007.416
  64. Choy, W.-K., Chu, W., Kwan, C.-Y. Photochemical degradation of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol in the presence of a nonionic surfactant: PH control on reaction kinetics (2007) Journal of Environmental Engineering, 133 (6), pp. 641-645.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9372(2007)133:6(641)
  65. Chu, W., Choy, W.K., Kwan, C.Y. Selection of supported cobalt substrates in the presence of oxone for the oxidation of monuron (2007) Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 55 (14), pp. 5708-5713.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf063754r
  66. Choy, W.K., Chu, W. Semiconductor-catalyzed photodegradation of o-chloroaniline: Products study and iodate effect (2007) Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 46 (14), pp. 4740-4746.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie061455l
  67. Chu, W., Lau, T.K. Ozonation of endocrine disrupting chemical BHA under the suppression effect by salt additive-With and without H2O2 (2007) Journal of Hazardous Materials, 144 (1-2), pp. 249-254.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.10.017
  68. Kwan, C.Y., Chu, W. The role of organic ligands in ferrous-induced photochemical degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2007) Chemosphere, 67 (8), pp. 1601-1611.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2006.11.052
  69. Chu, W., Choy, W.K., So, T.Y. The effect of solution pH and peroxide in the TiO2 induced photocatalysis of chlorinated aniline (2007) Journal of Hazardous Materials, 141 (1), pp. 86-91.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.06.093
  70. Chu, W., Chan, K.H., Kwan, C.Y., Choi, K.Y. Degradation of atrazine by modified stepwise-Fenton's processes (2007) Chemosphere, 67 (4), pp. 755-761.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2006.10.039
  71. "Chu, W., Chan, K.H. Hybrid system to upgrade conventional Fenton's process by incorporating photo-Fenton as a successive treatment process: Degradation of monuron (2007) Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 46 (5), pp. 1505-1510."
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie061247t
  72. Choy, W.K., Chu, W. The use of oxyhalogen in photocatalytic reaction to remove o-chloroaniline in TiO2 dispersion (2007) Chemosphere, 66 (11), pp. 2106-2113.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2006.09.027
  73. Lau, T.K., Chu, W., Graham, N. Reaction pathways and kinetics of butylated hydroxyanisole with UV, ozonation, and UV/O3 processes (2007) Water Research, 41 (4), pp. 765-774.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2006.11.021
  74. Lau, T.K., Chu, W., Graham, N.J.D. The aqueous degradation of butylated hydroxyanisole by UV/S2O82-: Study of reaction mechanisms via dimerization and mineralization (2007) Environmental Science and Technology, 41 (2), pp. 613-619.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es061395a
  75. " Chu, W., Lau, T.K., Fung, S.C. Effects of combined and sequential addition of dual oxidants (H 2O2/S2O82-) on the aqueous carbofuran photodegradation (2006) Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 54 (26), pp. 10047-10052. "
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf062018k
  76. Kwan, C.Y., Chu, W. Effect of ferrioxalate-exchanged resin on the removal of 2,4-D by a photocatalytic process (2006) Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, 255 (1-2), pp. 236-242.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molcata.2006.03.036
  77. Chu, W., Chan, K.H., Graham, N.J.D. Enhancement of ozone oxidation and its associated processes in the presence of surfactant: Degradation of atrazine (2006) Chemosphere, 64 (6), pp. 931-936.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2006.01.028
  78. Chu, W., Chan, K.H., Choy, W.K. The partitioning and modelling of pesticide parathion in a surfactant-assisted soil-washing system (2006) Chemosphere, 64 (5), pp. 711-716.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2005.11.028
  79. Chu, W., Kwan, C.Y., Chan, K.H., Wu, C.W. Comprehensive study of the wavelength effect on oxidation processes of 2-chloroaniline (2006) Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 45 (11), pp. 3769-3775.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie060141v
  80. Chan, K.-H., Chu, W. Model applications and intermediates quantification of atrazine degradation by UV-enhanced fenton process (2006) Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 54 (5), pp. 1804-1813.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf052572e
  81. Chu, W., Chan, K.H., Kwan, C.Y., Jafvert, C.T. Acceleration and quenching of the photolysis of PCB in the presence of surfactant and humic materials (2005) Environmental Science and Technology, 39 (23), pp. 9211-9216.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es0511826
  82. Choy, W.K., Chu, W. Destruction of o-chloroaniline in UV/TiO2 reaction with photosensitizing additives (2005) Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 44 (22), pp. 8184-8189.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie0506419
  83. Lau, T.K., Chu, W., Graham, N. The degradation of endocrine disruptor di-n-butyl phthalate by UV irradiation: A photolysis and product study (2005) Chemosphere, 60 (8), pp. 1045-1053.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2005.01.022
  84. Chan, K.H., Chu, W. Atrazine removal by catalytic oxidation processes with or without UV irradiation: Part I - Quantification and rate enhancement via kinetic study (2005) Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 58 (3-4), pp. 157-163.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2004.12.006
  85. Chan, K.H., Chu, W. Atrazine removal by catalytic oxidation processes with or without UV irradiation: Part II: An analysis of the reaction mechanisms using LC/ESI-tandem mass spectrometry (2005) Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 58 (3-4), pp. 165-174.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2004.12.005
  86. "Chu, W., Kwan, C.Y., Chan, K.H., Kam, S.K. A study of kinetic modelling and reaction pathway of 2,4-dichlorophenol transformation by photo-fenton-like oxidation (2005) Journal of Hazardous Materials, 121 (1-3), pp. 119-126. "
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.01.019
  87. Chan, K.H., Chu, W. Effect of humic acid on the photolysis of the pesticide atrazine in a surfactant-aided soil-washing system in acidic condition (2005) Water Research, 39 (10), pp. 2154-2166.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2005.03.029
  88. Kwan, C.Y., Chu, W. Reaction mechanism of photoreduction of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid in surfactant micelles (2005) Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 44 (6), pp. 1645-1651.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie049509j
  89. Chan, K.H., Chu, W. Model applications and mechanism study on the degradation of atrazine by Fenton's system (2005) Journal of Hazardous Materials, 118 (1-3), pp. 227-237.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2004.11.008
  90. Chu, W., Choy, W.K., Hunt, J.R. Effects of nonaqueous phase liquids on the washing of soil in the presence of nonionic surfactants (2005) Water Research, 39 (2-3), pp. 340-348.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2004.09.028
  91. Chu, W., Kwan, C.Y., Chan, K.H., Chong, C. An unconventional approach to studying the reaction kinetics of the Fenton's oxidation of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2004) Chemosphere, 57 (9), pp. 1165-1171.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.07.047
  92. Kwan, C.Y., Chu, W. A study of the reaction mechanisms of the degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid by oxalate-mediated photooxidation (2004) Water Research, 38 (19), pp. 4213-4221.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2004.06.033
  93. Chu, W., Chan, K.H. Reactor design and modeling of the Fe(II)-catalyzed oxidation of trichlorophenol (2004) Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 43 (21), pp. 6797-6802.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie049848c
  94. Chu, W., Chan, K.H., Kwan, C.Y., Lee, C.K. The system design of UV-assisted catalytic oxidation process - Degradation of 2,4-D (2004) Chemosphere, 57 (3), pp. 171-178.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.06.008
  95. Chu, W., Wong, C.C. Study of herbicide alachlor removal in a photocatalytic process through the examination of the reaction mechanism (2004) Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 43 (17), pp. 5027-5031.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie0342356
  96. Kwan, C.Y., Chu, W. Transformation of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyethanoic acid (2,4-D) by a photoassisted ferrous oxalate/H2O2 system (2004) Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 79 (6), pp. 663-669.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jctb.1048
  97. Li, H., Arnold, R.G., Betterton, E.A., Ela, W.P., Barbaris, B., Chu, W. Comment on "the mechanisms of rate enhancing and quenching of trichloroethene photodecay in the presence of sensitizer and hydrogen sources" (2004) Water Research, 38 (11), pp. 2791-2794.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2003.11.027
  98. Chu, W., Chan, K.H., Kwan, C.Y. Modeling the ozonation of herbicide 2,4-D through a kinetic approach (2004) Chemosphere, 55 (5), pp. 647-652.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2003.11.047
  99. Kwan, C.Y., Chu, W. Photooxidation of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid by ferrous oxalate-mediated system (2004) Water Science and Technology, 49 (4), pp. 117-122.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(03)00393-2
  100. Chu, W., Wong, C.C. The photocatalytic degradation of dicamba in TiO2 suspensions with the help of hydrogen peroxide by different near UV irradiations (2004) Water Research, 38 (4), pp. 1037-1043.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2003.10.037
  101. Chu, W., Kwan, C.Y. Remediation of contaminated soil by a solvent/surfactant system (2003) Chemosphere, 53 (1), pp. 9-15.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(03)00389-8
  102. Chu, W., Kwan, C.Y. Amphoteric effect of humic acids in surfactant-aided photolysis of polychlorobiphenyls (2003) Journal of Environmental Engineering, 129 (8), pp. 716-722.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9372(2003)129:8(716)
  103. Chu, W., Ma, C.W. Effects of humic materials on photodegradation of chlorinated aromatic dye in surfactant solution (2003) Journal of Environmental Engineering, 129 (6), pp. 500-505.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9372(2003)129:6(500)
  104. Chu, W., Chan, K.H. The mechanism of the surfactant-aided soil washing system for hydrophobic and partial hydrophobic organics (2003) Science of the Total Environment, 307 (1-3), pp. 83-92.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0048-9697(02)00461-8
  105. Wong, C.C., Chu, W. The hydrogen peroxide-assisted photocatalytic degradation of alachlor in TiO2 suspensions (2003) Environmental Science and Technology, 37 (10), pp. 2310-2316.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es020898n
  106. Wong, C.C., Chu, W. The direct photolysis and photocatalytic degradation of alachlor at different TiO2 and UV sources (2003) Chemosphere, 50 (8), pp. 981-987.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(02)00640-9
  107. Chu, W. Remediation of contaminated soils by surfactant-aided soil washing (2003) Practice Periodical of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste Management, 7 (1), pp. 19-24.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)1090-025X(2003)7:1(19)
  108. Chan, K.H., Chu, W. The system design of atrazine oxidation by catalytic oxidation process through a kinetic approach (2003) Water Research, 37 (16), pp. 3997-4003.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(03)00316-6
  109. Chu, W., Wong, C.C. A disappearance model for the prediction of trichlorophenol ozonation (2003) Chemosphere, 51 (4), pp. 289-294.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(02)00318-1
  110. Chu, W., Ching, M.H. Modeling the ozonation of 2,4-dichlorophoxyacetic acid through a kinetic approach (2003) Water Research, 37 (1), pp. 39-46.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(02)00250-6
  111. Chu, W., Kwan, C.Y. Reactor design and kinetics study of 4,4′-dichlorobiphenyl photodecay in surfactant solution by using a photosensitizer and hydrogen source (2003) Water Research, 37 (10), pp. 2442-2448.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(02)00635-8
  112. Kwan, C.Y., Chu, W. Photodegradation of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid in various iron-mediated oxidation systems (2003) Water Research, 37 (18), pp. 4405-4412.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(03)00393-2
  113. Chan, K.H., Chu, W. Modeling the reaction kinetics of Fenton's process on the removal of atrazine (2003) Chemosphere, 51 (4), pp. 305-311.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(02)00812-3
  114. Chu, W., Law, C.K. Treatment of trichlorophenol by catalytic oxidation process (2003) Water Research, 37 (10), pp. 2339-2346.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(03)00010-1
  115. Graham, N., Chu, W., Lau, C. Observations of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol degradation by ozone (2003) Chemosphere, 51 (4), pp. 237-243.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(02)00815-9
  116. Tsui, S.M., Chu, W. The reaction mechanisms and kinetics of removing azo reactive dye by indirect photolysis approaches. (2002) Water environment research : a research publication of the Water Environment Federation, 74 (5), pp. 488-493.
    https://doi.org/10.2175/106143002X140288
  117. Chu, W., Tsui, S.M. Modeling of photodecoloration of azo dye in a cocktail photolysis system (2002) Water Research, 36 (13), pp. 3350-3358.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(02)00021-0
  118. Chu, W., Choy, W.K. The mechanisms of rate enhancing and quenching of trichloroethene photodecay in the presence of sensitizer and hydrogen sources (2002) Water Research, 36 (10), pp. 2525-2532.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(01)00471-7
  119. Chu, W., Kwan, C.Y. The direct and indirect photolysis of 4,4′-dichlorobiphenyl in various surfactant/solvent-aided systems (2002) Water Research, 36 (9), pp. 2187-2194.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(01)00448-1
  120. Chu, W., Hunt, J.R., Jafvert, C.T. Modeling the sequential photodechlorination of hexachlorobenzene in surfactant micelles (2002) Water Research, 36 (4), pp. 843-850.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(01)00294-9
  121. Choy, W.K., Chu, W. The study of rate improvement of trichloroethene (TCE) decay in UV system with hydrogen source (2001) Water Science and Technology, 44 (6), pp. 27-33.
    http://iwaponline.com/content/44/6/27
  122. Tsui, S.-M., Chu, W. Photocatalytic degradation of dye pollutants in the presence of acetone (2001) Water Science and Technology, 44 (6), pp. 173-180.
    http://wst.iwaponline.com/content/44/6/173
  123. Chu, W. Modeling the quantum yields of herbicide 2,4-D decay in UV/H2O2 process (2001) Chemosphere, 44 (5), pp. 935-941.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(00)00556-7
  124. Choy, W.K., Chu, W. The rate improvement and modeling of trichloroethene photodegradation by acetone sensitizer in surfactant solution (2001) Chemosphere, 44 (5), pp. 943-947.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(00)00555-5
  125. Chu, W., Tsui, S.M. Photoreductive model of disperse orange 11 in aqueous acetone and triethylamine (2001) Journal of Environmental Engineering, 127 (8), pp. 741-747.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9372(2001)127:8(741)
  126. Chu, W. Dye removal from textile dye wastewater using recycled alum sludge (2001) Water Research, 35 (13), pp. 3147-3152.
    http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/S0043-1354(01)00015-X
  127. Choy, W.K, Chu, W. The modelling of trichloroethene photodegradation in Brij 35 surfactant by two-stage reaction (2001) Chemosphere, 44 (2), pp. 211-215.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(00)00188-0
  128. Ma, C.W., Chu, W. Photodegradation mechanism and rate improvement of chlorinated aromatic dye in non-ionic surfactant solutions (2001) Water Research, 35 (10), pp. 2453-2459.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(00)00522-4
  129. Tsui, S.M, Chu, W. Quantum yield study of the photodegradation of hydrophobic dyes in the presence of acetone sensitizer (2001) Chemosphere, 44 (1), pp. 17-22.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(00)00379-9
  130. Tsui, S.M., Chu, W., Fung, P.C., Sin, K.M. Removal of hydrophobic dyestuff from dyeing wastewater by photo-sensitization process (2001) Water Science and Technology, 43 (2), pp. 305-312.
    http://dx.doi.org/10397/22821
  131. Chu, W., So, W.S. Modeling the two stages of surfactant-aided soil washing (2001) Water Research, 35 (3), pp. 761-767.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(00)00292-X
  132. Chu, W., Ma, C.-W. Quantitative prediction of direct and indirect dye ozonation kinetics (2000) Water Research, 34 (12), pp. 3153-3160.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(00)00043-9
  133. Chu, W., Chan, K.-H. The prediction of partitioning coefficients for chemicals causing environmental concern (2000) Science of the Total Environment, 248 (1), pp. 1-10.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0048-9697(99)00472-6
  134. Chu, W., Choy, W.-K. The study of lag phase and rate improvement of TCE decay in UV/surfactant systems (2000) Chemosphere, 41 (8), pp. 1199-1204.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(99)00544-5
  135. Chu, W., Ng, F.-L. Upgrading the conventional grease trap using a tube settler (2000) Environment International, 26 (1-2), pp. 17-22.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0160-4120(00)00073-8
  136. Chu, W. Lead metal removal by recycled alum sludge (1999) Water Research, 33 (13), pp. 3019-3025.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(99)00010-X
  137. Chu, W. Photodechlorination mechanism of DDT in a UV/surfactant system (1999) Environmental Science and Technology, 33 (3), pp. 421-425.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es980293k
  138. Chu, W., Hsu, W. Pollution source identification and waste loading reduction at Chinese fast food restaurants (1999) Environment International, 25 (1), pp. 97-107.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0160-4120(98)00087-7
  139. Chu, W., Ma., C.W. Reaction kinetics of UV-decolourization for dye materials (1998) Chemosphere, 37 (5), pp. 961-974.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(98)00098-8
  140. Chu, W., Jafvert, C.T., Diehl, C.A., Marley, K., Larson, R.A. Phototransformations of polychlorobiphenyls in brij 58 micellar solutions (1998) Environmental Science and Technology, 32 (13), pp. 1989-1993.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es970960u
  141. Chu, W., Ma, C.W. Effects of UV-decolouring of aromatic dyes with different chemical structures (1997) Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry, 63 (1-4), pp. 247-255.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02772249709358534
  142. Jafvert, C.T., Van Hoof, P.L., Chu, W. The phase distribution of polychlorobiphenyl congeners in surfactant-amended sediment slurries (1995) Water Research, 29 (10), pp. 2387-2397.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0043-1354(95)00069-W
  143. Chu, W., Jafvert, C.T. Photodechlorination of polychlorobenzene congeners in surfactant micelle solutions (1994) Environmental Science and Technology, 28 (13), pp. 2415-2422.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es00062a029