By adopting an outcome-oriented approach, the primary objective of the implemented teaching and learning methods is to ensure that students attain critical thinking and all-roundedness with professional competence defined by the programme outcomes. In particular, they are tailored to develop abilities to apply knowledge to solving real-life engineering and scientific problems. Students work individually or in small groups depending upon the nature of the work involved. The group size varies according to the teaching and learning activity. Moreover, the idea of the 'active classroom,' entailing educational concepts and strategies that are relevant to the development of a high level of understanding of academic knowledge and functioning abilities, is advocated in the Department. Where appropriate, the following major teaching and learning methods are implemented: Interactive lecture; Tutorial; Laboratory work; Experiential learning; Problem-based learning; Self-directed learning; E-learning; Site visit and fieldwork; and Technical seminar.