Skip to main content Start main content

The Future of Tseung Kwan O Area - Bring Construction Waste into Circularity

by Hou Wenxi Lesley

Master of Design (Transitional Environments Design)

Hong Kong's overall construction waste accounts for approximately 23% of its total solid waste. As the aging rate of buildings accelerates in Hong Kong, the number of buildings reaching 50 years old is projected to increase from 8,700 in 2020 to 13,900 by 2030. Recently, deteriorating older buildings have become potential sources of construction and demolition waste, leading to a significant rise in the total amount of construction waste. Traditionally, Hong Kong has managed construction waste by using it as landfill material or burying it, but such practices are unsustainable in a city where land resources are scarce.

To alleviate the growing volume of construction and demolition waste, a circular economy approach emerges as a solution. This project focuses on the Tseung Kwan O landfill site as a case study, analyzing predominantly concrete waste generated from existing construction waste. The project explores how abandoned concrete can be effectively recycled and repurposed as a material. Additionally, it examines the integration of circular economy principles into the industry.

The project concludes that incorporating recycled concrete aggregate (RCA) as a component in the construction industry's circular economy is feasible and environmentally beneficial. The establishment of a comprehensive management system for construction and demolition waste is a crucial first step towards realizing a circular economy in Hong Kong. This project provides a framework for formulating waste management policies in the construction sector, enhancing collaborative processes among stakeholders, and aiding relevant authorities in regulating construction activities.


Academic Supervisors: Dr Sunny Choi
Contributing to SDGs: 9 Industry, innovation and infrastructure,11 Sustainable cities and communities, 

Your browser is not the latest version. If you continue to browse our website, Some pages may not function properly.

You are recommended to upgrade to a newer version or switch to a different browser. A list of the web browsers that we support can be found here