Reflection is a key component and an integral part of the service-learning pedagogy in which students review, examine, and create meaning from their own experiences during their service engagement. It involves a careful and systematic re-examination of assumptions, beliefs, perspectives, understanding, and actions in the light of the service experience. It is the process in which students look back on, think critically about, and learn from the service experience.

Here are some reflection cycles can be used to guide students to reflect on their experiences in a systematic manner.

Gibb's Model of Reflective Cycle

Driscoll’s “What? So What? Now What?” model