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Academic Staff



Brief Biosketch

Dr. PAI ZHENG is currently an Assistant Professor, Wong Tit Shing Endowed Young Scholar in Smart Robotics and Lab-in-Charge of Digitalized Service Laboratory (DSL), in the Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering at The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, HKSAR. Before this, he has been a Research Fellow in the Delta-NTU Corporate Laboratory for Cyber-Physical Systems, in the School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, at Nanyang Technological University (NTU) from Jan. 2018 to Sept. 2019. He received his Dual Bachelor’s Degrees in Material Processing and Control Engineering (major), and Computer Science and Engineering (minor), from Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China, in 2010, Master’s Degree in Mechanical Engineering from Beihang University, Beijing, China, in 2013, and Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering at the University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, in 2017.


Research Group


Research Group of AI for Industrial Digital Servitization


Research Interests

  • Human-Robot Collaboration
  • Smart Product-Service Systems
  • Engineering Design Informatics
  • Smart Manufacturing System


Selected Publications

Authored Book:
Human Robot Collaboration
  • Zheng, P., Li, S., Xia, L., Wang, X., Wang, L.*, Nassehi A. A visual reasoning-based approach for mutual-cognitive human-robot collaboration. CIRP Annals, 2022.
  • Fan J., Zheng P.*, Li S. Vision-based holistic scene understanding towards proactive human-robot collaboration,  Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, 2022, 75, 102304. 
  • Li S. F., Zheng P.*, Fan J.M., Wang L. H. Towards Proactive Human-Robot Collaborative Assembly: A Multimodal Transfer Learning-Enabled Approach. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 2021.
  • Li S. F., Wang R. B., Zheng P.*, Wang L. H. Towards proactive human-robot collaboration: A foreseeable cognitive manufacturing paradigm. Journal of Manufacturing Systems, 2021.
  • Li S. F., Zheng P. and Zheng L.*, An AR-Assisted Deep Learning Based Approach for Automatic Inspection of Aviation Connectors, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, 2020. 17(3)
  • Zheng P.*, Xia L.Q., Li C.X., Li X.Y.**, Liu B.F. Towards Self-X Cognitive Manufacturing Network: An Industrial Knowledge Graph-Based Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning Approach. Journal of Manufacturing Systems, 2021, 61: 16-26.
Smart Product-Service Systems
  • Cong J, Chen C.-H., Zheng P.*, Li X. Y., Wang Z. X., A Holistic Relook at Engineering Design Methodologies for Smart Product-Service Systems Development, Journal of Cleaner Production, 2020, 272, 122737.
  • Zheng P.*, Wang Z. X., Chen C.-H., Khoo L. P. A Survey of Smart Product-Service Systems: Key Aspects, Challenges, and Future Perspective. Advanced Engineering Informatics, 2019, 42, 100973. (ESI High Cited Paper, updated 03/2021)
  • Zheng P.*, Chen C.-H., Shang S. Y. Towards an Automatic Engineering Change Management in Smart Product-Service Systems – A DSM-based Learning Approach. Advanced Engineering Informatics, 2019, 39: 209-213. (ESI High Cited Paper, updated 03/2020)
  • Zheng P.*, Lin T. J., Chen C.-H., Xu X. A systematic design approach for service innovation of smart product-service systems. Journal of Cleaner Production, 2018, 201: 657-667. (ESI High Cited Paper, updated 03/2020)
  • Zheng P.*, Liu Y., Chen C.-H. Industrial smart product-service systems solution design via hybrid concerns, in: 11th CIRP Conference on Industrial Product-Service Systems (CIRP IPS2 2019), 29 – 31 May, 2019, Zhuhai & Hongkong, China. (Best Conference Paper Award)
Engineering Design Informatics
  • Li, X., Chen, C. H., Zheng, P., Jiang, Z., & Wang, L. A context-aware diversity-oriented knowledge recommendation approach for smart engineering solution design. Knowledge-Based Systems, 106739. http://10.1016/j.knosys.2021.106739
  • Cong J, Chen C.-H., Zheng P*. Design entropy theory: A new design methodology for smart PSS development, Advanced Engineering Informatics, 2020, 45: 101124.
  • Zheng P.*, Xu X., Chen C.-H. A data-driven cyber-physical approach for personalised smart, connected product co-development in a cloud-based environment. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 2020, 31: 3-18. (ESI High Cited Paper, updated 07/2020)
  • Zheng P., Xu X., Xie S. Q.*, A weighted interval rough number-based method to determining relative importance ratings of customer requirements in QFD product planning, Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 2019, 30(1): 3-16. (ESI High Cited Paper, updated 07/2020)
  • Zheng P.*, Lin Y., Chen C.-H., Xu X. Smart, connected open architecture product: an IT-driven co-creation paradigm with lifecycle personalization concerns. International Journal of Production Research, 2019, 57(8): 2571-2584. (ESI High Cited Paper, updated 05/2020)
  • Eio S., Kuo J.-Y., Chen C.-H, Zheng P. Design of data collection and analysis method for a pleasant and safe user experience of personal mobility device, in: 26th ISTE International Conference on Transdisciplinary Engineering (TE 2019), 29 July – 2 August, 2019, Tokyo, Japan. (Best Research Paper Award)
Smart Manufacturing System
  • Li, X., Zheng, P.*, Bao, J., Gao, L., Xu, X. Achieving cognitive mass personalization via the self-X cognitive manufacturing network: An industrial-knowledge-graph-and graph-embedding-enabled pathway. Engineering, 2021.
  • Liu, C.*, Zheng, P., & Xu, X. Digitalisation and servitisation of machine tools in the era of Industry 4.0: a review. International Journal of Production Research, 2021, 1-33.
  • Lim Y. H., Zheng P.*, Chen C.-H., Huang L. H. A digital twin-enhanced system for engineering product family design and optimization, Journal of Manufacturing Systems, 2020, 57, 82-93.
  • Zheng P.*, Sivabalan A. S. A generic tri-model-based approach for product-level digital twin development in a smart manufacturing environment. Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, 2020, 64: 101958.
  • Lim Y. H., Zheng P.*, Chen C.-H. A State-of-the-Art Survey of Digital Twin: Techniques, Engineering Product Lifecycle Management and Business Innovation Perspectives. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 2019, 1-23. (ESI High Cited Paper, 03/2021)
  • Zheng P., Wang, H. H., Sang, Z. Q., Zhong, R. Y.*, Liu, Y. K., Liu, C., Mubarok, K., Yu, S. Q., and Xu, X. Smart manufacturing systems for Industry 4.0: conceptual framework, scenarios, and future perspectives. Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering, 2018, 13(2):137-150. (ESI High Cited Paper, 07/2020)


Committees/Professional Groups/Services

Committee membership
  • Committee Member, China Service-oriented Manufacturing Alliance
  • Committee Member, Technical Committee on Digital Manufacturing and Human-Centred Automation, Robotics & Automation Society, IEEE (2021 - )
  • Committee Member, Technical Committee on Intelligent Systems to Human-aware Sustainability (TC-ISHS), Systems, Man and Cybernetics Society, IEEE (2020 - )
  • Committee Member, Industrial Big Data and Intelligent System Chapter, CMES (2020 -)
Session Chair



  • Top 50 Global AI+X Chinese Young Scholars by Baidu (Smart Manufacturing), Winner (2022)
  • Endowed Young Scholars Scheme, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Endowed Professorship (2022)
  • 2021 Qingdao (China) Overseas Talent Entrepreneurship Competition, Winner’s Prize (2021)
  • 13th Shenzhen-Hong Kong-Macao University Innovation Competition, Winner’s Prize (2021)
  • 2020 ‘Sunon Cup’ Smart Service Innovation Competition, Second Prize (2020)
  • 2020 Changzhou Overseas Talent Entrepreneurship Competition, Second Prize (2020)
  • 26th ISTE International Conference on Transdisciplinary Engineering, Best Paper Award (2019)
  • 11th CIRP Conference on Industrial Product-Service Systems (CIRP IPS2), Best Paper Award (2019)
  • German DAAD Postdoctoral Networking in Artificial Intelligence, Fellowship (2018)
  • 11th China ‘Chunhui Cup’ Innovation and Entrepreneurship Competition, Winner’s Prize (2016)


Invited Talks/Seminars     

  • 15/06/2022, Online plenary talk on “Cognitive Intelligence-driven Digital Servitization Transfrmation of Manufacturing Paradigm: A Personal View”, 2022 International Conference of Industrial Internet.
  • 24/05/2022, Invited talk onTowards Futuristic Human-Centric Smart Manufacturing Systems: A Human-Robot Collaboration Perspective, School of System Design and Intelligent Manufacturing, 2022 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China
  • 10/12/2021, Invited talk on “Towards Digital Servitization: A Smart Product-Service System Perspective”, 6th Innovative Design Forum Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China & Design Society Asia Chapter
  • 23/10/2021, Plenary talk on “Towards Mutual Cognitive Human-Robot Collaboration in Manufacturing: An Exploration”, 2021 International Forum on High-end Equipment and Intelligent Manufacturing, China
  • 27/01/2021 NAP 2021 Webinar Series on “Artificial Intelligence-Enabled Manufacturing Digital Servitization”, School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
  • 16/07/2020 ME Global Invited talk on “Artificial Intelligence-Enabled Industrial Digital Servitization”, School of Mechanical Engineering, Zhejiang University, China
  • 13/12/2019, Invited talk on “A Relook at Engineering Design in the Smart, Connected Environment”, Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Pusan National University, Korea
  • 05/09/2019, Invited talk on “Perspectives of Smart Product-Service Solution Design”, Engineering Product Design Pillar, Singapore University of Technology & Design, Singapore
  • 13/06/2019, Invited talk on “Design Innovation of Smart Product-Service Systems: A Personal View”, School of Design, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China
  • 23/05/2019, Seminar on “IT-driven Design Innovation of Smart Product-Service Systems”, Dept. of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering, The University of Hong Kong


(Last updated: 20/05/2022)


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