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AP Seminar - Non-centrosymmetric and Chiral 2D (Hybrid) Materials through Screw Dislocations and Rational Structural Tuning

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  • Date

    25 Aug 2023

  • Organiser

  • Time

    10:30 - 11:30

  • Venue

    CD620, 6/F, Wing CD, PolyU Map  


Dr. Song Jin


Rational control of the structures of multifunctional materials allows us to tune the electronic structures and quantum states of matter, discover new physical properties, thus enable new applications. Non-centrosymmetry and chirality of 2D hybrid materials could be enabled at the monolayer and bulk crystal structure level by structural tuning and screw dislocations. We have shown how screw dislocations can influence the phase, layer stacking, and interlayer twisting of 2D materials (such as MX2) to lead to new properties and novel quantum phenomena due to moiré superlattices. Beyond the optoelectronic applications, two-dimensional (2D) hybrid halide perovskites are also promising for emerging spin-orbitronic applications due to the tunable structure chemistry and large spin-orbit coupling, which can lead to Rashba and/or Dresselhaus spin splitting. Chiral microplates of 2D perovskites with chiroptical properties can be produced via a screw dislocation growth mechanism. Our recent work focuses on exploiting the complex interplay between the organic spacer cations, the A-site cations, metal cations and dimensionality to produce a diverse library of structures and crystal symmetries. For example, A-cation tuning can lead to globally centrosymmetric bulk structures that contain non-centrosymmetric monolayers. Such local non-centrosymmetry can be unmasked via external perturbation leading to nonlinear optical properties and Rashbaspin splitting. Globally polar symmetry in quasi-2D perovskites can be enabled by incorporating spacer cations with molecular dipoles, leading to ferroelectricity and persistent spin texture. These rational design strategies to unlock and control non-centrosymmetry, chirality, and twist of 2D (hybrid)materials open up new nonlinear and chiral optical properties, spin-orbitronic, twistronics, and quantum applications.

Keynote Speaker

Dr. Song Jin

Francis J. DiSalvo Professor of Physical Science

Department of Chemistry

University of Wisconsin-Madison

Dr. JIN Song is the Francis J. DiSalvo Professor of Physical Science in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. He received his B.S. degree from Peking University and his Ph.D. degree from Cornell University. Research in the Jin group focuses on the rational synthesis, fundamental understanding, and physical properties of nanoscale and solid-state materials to address the challenges in renewable energy, information technology, and biomedicine. He also serves as an Associate Editor for ACS Energy Letters.

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