Non Credit Bearing Subject - CSRCE

Communication Strategies in Research Contexts in English

The non credit-bearing subject entitled "Communication Strategies in Research Contexts in English" is offered jointly by EEPRS (Department of English) and the English Language Centre. Classes are 3 hours in length and take place on a weekly basis. The aims of this subject are as follows:

  • To raise awareness of the role and status of the research student vis-a-vis different audiences and purposes, e.g. the differences between a thesis and a research article 
  • To improve the ability to analyze and apply generic structures and linguistic features in research writing 
  • To improve the ability to present and defend research processes and outcomes orally

Click here to download the subject outline.

 Writing Research Articles

Information for students

Code: ENGL 6005
Status: Non-credit bearing
Prerequisite: None
Semester: 1 and 2
Hours: 39 seminar hours (3 hours per week for 13 weeks)
Mode of Assessment: 100% coursework


This subject aims to develop postgraduate research students' ability to plan, write and revise research articles related to their PhD/MPhil studies.

Why you should publish research articles

As a research student, your main objective is to write and defend your thesis and thereby obtain your PhD or MPhil degree. This subject will not only help you accomplish this objective, through its sharp focus on academic writing skills, but will also show you how to publish the findings of your research in key refereed journals in your field.

There are five very good reasons why you should publish research articles while you are studying for your PhD/MPhil:

  • If your department requires you to publish your work before submitting your thesis, you clearly have no choice but to develop the ability to plan, write and revise research articles. You will therefore find this subject extremely relevant and practical.
  • If you publish research articles in refereed journals before you graduate, you will be fulfilling one of the fundamental criteria that examiners consider when assessing research students' work, namely that it is of a publishable standard. If your thesis contains references to your own publications, you will already have gone a long way towards convincing your examiners that you are a professional researcher.
  • If you wish to pursue a career in the higher education sector after graduation, your chances of securing your first academic position will be greatly enhanced if you already have publications, particularly if they are in reputable international journals.
  • If you intend to enter the business or professional worlds, you will find that having a track record in research will impress prospective employers as it will not only indicate that you possess an in-depth understanding of your subject, but also the ability to communicate your ideas effectively in English.
  • If you write research articles during the course of your PhD/MPhil studies, you will be able to obtain valuable feedback on your work from editors and reviewers, which you can then use when writing your thesis. Writing research articles will also help you to sharpen your academic communication skills in English.

Subject content

This subject focuses on the content, organisation and language of the key sections of a research article. The indicative syllabus is as follows:

  • Analysing research articles: generic structures, linguistic features.
  • Selecting appropriate journals.
  • Planning research articles: title, headings, sub-headings.
  • Writing effective introductions: introducing the problem/issue to be addressed, creating a research space, stating objectives.
  • Writing critical, purposeful literature reviews: referencing conventions, summarising, paraphrasing, synthesising and critiquing sources.
  • Describing research methods: ‘clipped' and ‘elaborated' approaches, cohesion, citing standard methods.
  • Reporting and interpreting research findings: presenting quantitative and qualitative data.
  • Discussing the implications and significance of the findings: relating findings to the purpose and aims of the article and key references in the literature review.
  • Drawing conclusions: summarising and evaluating the study, discussing limitations, making recommendations.
  • Writing abstracts.
  • Revising and proofreading an article before submission: grammar, vocabulary, style and tone, cohesion.
  • Addressing editors' and reviewers' comments: redrafting and resubmitting the article.

Learning outcomes

After successfully completing the subject, you will be able to:

  • identify suitable specialist journals for your research articles.
  • analyse and apply generic structures and linguistic features in research writing.
  • exercise critical judgement in relation to your own and others' work.
  • present and discuss your research findings in clear, accurate and appropriate English.
  • prepare your articles for publication in light of comments from editors and reviewers.

Classroom approach

Teaching and learning will focus on analysing and discussing the content, organisation and language of research articles related to your field of study. You will then be encouraged to apply what you have learned when writing your own articles. The seminars will be highly interactive and you will be asked to share your own experiences and writing samples. These seminars will also be a very good opportunity to meet research students from other PolyU departments.


This subject will be taught by Dr Stephen Evans. Dr Evans is a highly qualified and experienced teacher and researcher. He holds bachelor's and master's degrees from the University of Oxford and a PhD in Applied Linguistics from the University of Edinburgh . He has an excellent track record in publishing research articles in major international journals.


This is a non-credit bearing subject. However, you will receive a grade for the subject, which will be recorded on your PolyU transcript. Your grade will be determined by your performance in four written assignments (each worth 25%) which you will prepare outside class.

  • Introduction
  • Research methods
  • Findings
  • Conclusion

These assignments will be directly related to your PhD/MPhil studies. You are encouraged to plan, write and revise a research article during the 13 weeks of the course (although this is not a requirement). If you adopt such an approach, you should be in a position to submit an article of a publishable standard to a relevant specialist journal by the end of the course. The four assignments should therefore be seen as key stages in the process of writing a research article.

Contact details

If you would like more information about this subject, please contact Ms Zoe Yip (, AG428, 2766 7572) or the subject coordinator, Dr Victor Ho (, AG411, 2766 7539)

 Advanced Oral Skills for Research Students


Code: ENGL 6004 
Status: Non-credit bearing 
Prerequisite: None 
Semester: 1 and 2 
Hours: 39 seminar hours (3 hours per week for 13 weeks) 
Mode of Assessment: 100% coursework

Course outline


It is hoped that the subject will generally enhance students’ confidence in English speaking in an academic context.


  • To help students overcome their difficulties with English pronunciation by concentrating both on common and individual pronunciation problems;
  • To help students appreciate the difference between spoken and written communication in English;
  • To enhance students’ ability to structure and deliver academic oral presentations in English;
  • To develop students’ ability to participate in seminars, workshops and other kinds of academic discussions.

Syllabus Outline:

  • Introduction to the sounds of English, and those that cause the greatest problems for non-native speakers;
  • Ways to correct fossilized errors in speech;
  • Pronunciation
  • The differences between oral and written communication in English;
  • Structuring and delivering oral presentations;
  • Participating in seminars, workshops and tutorials which require spoken English.


Learning & Teaching Pattern


  • The whole class will meet every week for 1 hour
  • We will discuss from pronunciation to presentation
  • We will look at presentation skills and techniques


  • Half of the class meets every other week
  • All participants will give a 5 to 10 minute presentation on a topic of their choice
  • Everyone will give constructive feedback to each other in order to improve their skills and build up confidence 


Last updated in Oct 2018