Family, Child, Youth, and Ageing Studies Social Policy, Social Welfare, and Community Development


Associate Professor




3400 3694


Positive ageing and subjective well-being
Intergenerational relationships and care arrangement in ageing families
Retirement protection and long-term care policy
Evidence-based practice for health promotion in older adults


My URLs:



Ageing China

Social Policy and Social Care for an Ageing Society

Capstone Project for Applied Ageing Studies and Service Management



Dr BAI Xue is Associate Professor at the Department of Applied Social Sciences and Director of Institute of Active Ageing at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University. She also serves as Programme Leader of the BA programme in Applied Ageing Studies and Service Management. Dr Bai’s research focus on three interrelated areas in social gerontology: 1) intergenerational relationships and care arrangements in ageing families, 2) active ageing and subjective well-being in later life, and 3) social policy and social care in ageing societies. Dr Bai’s work has been widely published in renowned international journals, including The Gerontologist, Ageing & Mental Health, Ageing & Society, BMC Geriatrics, and Health & Social Care in the Community. She has been awarded over HK$20 million external funding for ageing-related research and programmes in the capacity of PI or Co-PI in the past five years. She has also been actively involved in a number of important policy projects, the findings of which effectively inform the development of retirement policy, long-term care and carer services in Hong Kong. Currently, she is an appointed member of Social Welfare Advisory Committee advising the HKSAR Government on social welfare policy matters.


Research Interests:

Active Ageing

Ageing and Social Policy

Care Planning

Family Gerontology


Selected Publications:

Refereed Journal Articles 

Bai, X., Liu,X., Song, Y.J., & Sörensen, S. (accepted). Adaptation and validation of the Preparation for Future Care Needs Scale for Chinese older adults in Hong Kong. The Gerontologist.


Liu, C., Bai, X., & Knapp, M. (2021). Multidimensional retirement planning behaviors, retirement confidence, and post-retirement health and well-being among Chinese older adults in Hong Kong. Applied Research in Quality of Life, Online First: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11482-020-09901-7.


Bai, X., & Liu, C. (2020). Financial strain and attitude toward retirement among aging Chinese adults: The influence of family. Family Relation, 69(5), 907–920.


Bai, X., Li, Z. L., Chen, J., Liu, C., & Wu, X.G. (2020). Socioeconomic inequalities in mental distress and life satisfaction among older Chinese men and women: The role of family functioning. Health & Social Care in the Community, 28(4), 1270–1281.


Bai, X., Lai, D., & Liu, C. (2020). Ageing Chinese adults voice their personal care expectations: Evidence and service implications. Health & Social Care in the Community, 28(3), 1071–1081.


Bai, X. (2019). Whom should I rely on for my future care? Patterns in care expectations and their intergenerational correlates among Hong Kong Chinese ageing adults. Health & Social Care in the Community, 27(1), 115–125.


Bai, X. (2019). Hong Kong Chinese aging adults voice financial care expectations: Implications for policy and services. Journal of Aging & Social Policy, 31(5), 415–444.


Bai, X., Guo, Y., Fu, Y.Y. (2018). Self-image and intergenerational relationships as correlates of life satisfaction in Chinese older adults: Will gender make a difference? Ageing & Society, 38(7), 1502–1519.


Bai, X., Yang, S.Y., & Knapp, M. (2018). Sources and directions of social support and life satisfaction among solitary Chinese older adults in Hong Kong: The mediating role of sense of loneliness. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 13, 63–71.


Bai, X. (2018). Development and validation of a multidimensional Intergenerational Relationship Quality Scale for Aging Chinese parents. The Gerontologist, 58(6), e338-e348


Bai, X., Liu, C., Baladon, L., & Rubio-Valera, M. (2018). Multidimensional determinants of the caregiving burden among Chinese male caregivers of older family members in Hong Kong. Aging &Mental Health, 22(8), 980–989.


Bai, X., Leung, D. Y. P., Lai, C. K. Y., Chong, A. M. L., & Chi, I. (2017). Mediating effect of decline in social activities on urinary incontinence and negative mood: Do sex and marital differences exist? Geriatrics & Gerontology International, 17(11), 1829–1836.


Bai, X., Hung, K., & Lai, D. W. L. (2017). The role of travel in enhancing life satisfaction among Chinese older adults in Hong Kong. Ageing & Society, 37(9), 1824– 1848.


Bai, X., Lai, D. W. L., & Guo, A. (2016). Ageism and depression: Perceptions of older people as a burden in China. Journal of Social Issues, 72(1), 26–46.


Bai, X. (2016). Alignment or Struggle? Exploring socio-demographic correlates of individual modernity modes in Chinese older people. Ageing & Society, 36(1), 133–159.


Bai, X., & Chow, N. (2014). A life-course perspective on elderly residential mobility in Southern China: An adaptation of the Amenity Retirement Migration Model. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Diversity in Social Work, 23, 309–324.


Bai, X., Ho, D., Fung, K., Tang, L., He, M., Young, D., Ho, F., & Kwok, T. (2014). Effectiveness of a life story work program on older adults with intellectual disabilities. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 9, 1–8.


Kwok, T., Bai, X., Li, J., Ho, F., & Lee, T. (2013). Effectiveness of cognitive training on improving cognitive abilities of Chinese older people with memory complaint: A randomized placebo-controlled trial. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 28(2), 208–215.


Bai, X., Kwok, T., Chan, N., & Ho, F. (2013)Determinants of job satisfaction in foreign domestic helpers caring for people with dementia in Hong Kong: The role of helpers' adaptation status, job self-efficacy and care recipients' situation. Health & Social Care in the Community, 21(5), 472–479.


Bai, X., Chan, S., & Chow, N. (2012). Validation of Self-Image of Aging Scale for Chinese elders. International Journal of Aging & Human Development74(1), 67–86.


Chow, N., & Bai, X. (2011). Modernization and its impact on Chinese older people’s perception of their own image and status. International Social Work, 54(6), 800–815. 


Recent Research Projects:

2021–2024 (Principal Investigator). Enhancement of positive ageing, family relationships, and quality of later life. Funded by University Grant Council Matching Fund Scheme, HK$1,121,557.04.


2021–2024 (Principal Investigator). iGESS: Intergenerational Engagement in Secondary Schools. Funded by ZeShan (H.K.) Foundation & Lee Kum Kee Family Foundation, HK$2,954,612.


2019 – 2022 (Principal Investigator). Individual efforts or intergenerational responses? A longitudinal mixed methods study of future care planning among Hong Kong ageing families. Funded by Hong Kong Research Grants Council General Research Fund, HK$858,084.


2021–2022 (Principal Investigator). Greate a knowledge hub for promoting active ageing and intergenerational solidarity. Funded by ZeShan (H.K.) Foundation. HK$1,210,249.


2020–2021 (Co-Principal Investigator). Jockey Club Age-friendly City Project (second phase). Funded by The Hong Kong Jockey Club Charities Trust, HK$7,122,000.


2019–2021 (Principal Investigator). Managing the Occupational Safety and Health Challenges of an Ageing Workforce in Hong Kong. Funded by Occupational Safety and Health Council, HK$991,001.


2019–2021 (Principal Investigator). Positive Ageing and Happiness: IAA Happiness Courier. Funded by Wofoo Foundation Limited, HK$650,000.


2018–2021 (Principal Investigator). Infusion Active Ageing Education Project. Funded by ZeShan (H.K.) Foundation, HK$2,433,471.


2016 – 2017 (Principal Investigator). Intergenerational relationship quality and care expectations of ageing parents in Hong Kong. Funded by Research Grants Council General Research Fund – Early Career Scheme, HK$784,285.


Professional & Community Service:

Academic Services

Invited Grant Reviewer for RGC Faculty Development Scheme for the Local Self-financing Degree Sector, HKSAR Government;


Non-panel Reviewer for the Central Policy Unit, HKSAR Government;


Invited proposal reviewer for 2016 Aging in America Conference held by American


Society of Ageing, The United States.


Reviewer for 20+ Academic Journals


Community Services

Appointed Member of Elderly Commission, HKSAR Government (2021.7–present)


Appointed Member of Social Welfare Advisory Committee, HKSAR Government (2018–present)


Invited Member on the Working Group on the Review of Residential Care Service Quality, HKSAR Government (2021.7–present)


Invited Member of Advisory Committee on Investor and Financial Education Council–Financial Education for Retirees, Hong Kong (2020–present)


Invited Member of the Programme Advisory Board of Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Applied Gerontology and Diploma in Health Studies programmes, School of Nursing, Tung Wah College (2019–present)

Honorary Research consultant for Salvation Army, Hong Kong (2015–present)


Guest teacher for the life-long learning programme Going to the Community, RTHK 5 (2016)