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Other Useful References
Measurement model vs standards model
Criterion referenced vs norm referenced assessment
Curriculum based assessment
Learning outcomes
Criteria and rubrics
SOLO taxonomy
Bloom's taxonomy
Assessment design and tasks
Some Useful Websites

Other Useful References

Criteria and Rubrics


Andrade, H. G. (n.d.). Teaching with rubrics: the good, the bad, and the ugly. College Teaching, 53(1), p.27-30.

The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (2005). Guidelines for implementation of criterion-referenced assessment. Retrieved (n.d.) from

Mertler, Craig A. (2001). Designing scoring rubrics for your classroom. Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 7(25). Retrieved March 30, 2005 from

Moon, J. (n.d.). Linking levels, learning outcomes and assessment criteria. Retrieved February 9, 2005, from

Moskal, Barbara M. (2000). Scoring rubrics: what, when and how? Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 7(3). Retrieved February 10, 2005 from

Moskal, Barbara M. & Jon A. Leydens (2000). Scoring rubric development: validity and reliability. Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 7(10). Retrieved February 10, 2005 from

Rust, C., Price, M., & O’Donovan, B. (2003). Improving students’ learning by developing their understanding of assessment criteria and processes. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 28(2). Retrieved March 8, 2005, from IngentaConnect.

Seymour, D. (2005). Learning outcomes and assessment: Developing assessment criteria for Masters-level dissertations. Brookes eJournal of Learning and Teaching, 1(2). Retrieved (n.d.) from

By skill


University of Cincinnati; subject: history

University of Cincinnati; subject: health sciences

Western Washington University; subject: research method

Critical thinking

Subject: Nature of mathematics

Rio Salado College

Critical thinking rubric

Holistic critical thinking scoring rubric

Business subjects

Critical thinking scoring rubric critical_thinking_rubric.htm

University of Cincinnati; subject: literary studies

Knowledge integration

University of Cincinnati; subject: mechanical engineering

Problem solving

Problem solving rubric

Analytical thinking process in problem solving

Rio Salado's official problem-solving rubric

Scoring rubric for petroleum engineering program

National Adult Literacy Database (Canada)

High school Earth System Science course

The Big 6

Social responsibility

University of Cincinnati: subject: music

The Big 6University of Cincinnati: subject: nursing

By discipline


Alaska Department of Education and Early Development

Cultural studies

San Diego State University; peer evaluation of paper


University of Cincinnati; skill: knowledge integration

The California State University

Health sciences

University of Cincinnati; skill: communication


University of Cincinnati; skill: communication


University of Cincinnati; subject: literary studies

The California State University; subject: English

Mathematics K-12


Brattleboro Union High School; web project


University of Cincinnati: skill: social responsibility


University of Cincinnati: skill: social responsibility

Research method

Western Washington University, Department of Communication

By assessment task

Group work

Indiana University


Oral presentation


Subject: English

Other resources of rubrics

2Learn Together – contains guiding questions for developing rubrics

Assessment, Assessment Rubrics and Evaluation – annotated list of relevant websites

Authentic Assessment Toolbox – another nice, comprehensive website on rubric development, with a particularly detailed treatment on comparing analytic and holistic rubrics

Chicago Public School – a comprehensive and resourceful site for rubric development and performance assessment

Chicago Public School – contains examples of rubrics for a range of school subjects; provides tips for choosing rubrics

Creating rubrics: Inspire your students and foster critical thinking @– a series of five articles on the topic; require registration, but free

Develop Evaluation Tool/Rubric @ – a very brief step-by-step guide to developing an analytic rubric; good for getting some initial ideas

Guidelines for Rubric Development – Little details but contains a rare although brief treatment of using concept words to indicate level of performance. [See also our section on indicating level of performance]

PALS Guide – an in-depth yet practical treatment of the topic, a substantial guide on performance assessment

RubiStar – “a free tool to help a teacher make quality rubrics”

Rubric Development -

San Diego State University – contains suggested dimensions (aspect) for a range of skills

Software for Building Rubrics -

The Bowling Green University – rubrics for university learning outcomes

The California State University – link to examples of scoring rubrics

The Staff Room for Ontario’s Teachers – a lot of sample rubrics for a range of skills; a resource primarily for school teachers


The Hong Kong Polytechnic University The University of Hong Kong

This project, funded by UGC, is an inter-institutional collaborative project involving
the Hong Kong Polytechnic University and the University of Hong Kong.

  Copyright & Acknowledgement | Content by the ARC Editorial Team | Updated June 30, 2007 Copyright © 2005 ARC. All rights reserved.